This is a non-governmental organization (NGO). It has over 7 million members and supporters around the world. The stated objective of the organization is “to conduct research and generate action to prevent and end grave abuses of human rights, and to demand justice for those whose rights have been violated.” Amnesty International (AI) was founded in London in 1961 by Peter Benenson (born to a Jewish family).
AI seeks to highlight human rights abuses and campaigns for compliance with international laws and standards. Building public opinion to put pressure on governments on human rights abuses is another function of AI. Among human rights organizations, internationally, AI has the longest history and the best name recognition. It has set standards for this movement in general.